Scientific Objectives

To gain an increased understanding of the ways in which personality and situational determinants of motivation combine to influence motivational states, and how these motivational states in turn affect cognitive processes to determine cognitive performance.

Software Development


These programs are available as stand alone application programs for Macintosh computers. Source code in Lightspeed Pascal is also available. Publications that describe the algorithms or applications of these programs are listed.

  • psych package for R
  • icar package for R
  • PMC-RT
  • Working-Memory
  • PMC_units

Current Lab Members

Recent Publications

  • Smillie, L. D., Cooper, A. J., Wilt, J., & Revelle, W. (2012). Do extraverts get more bang for the buck? Refining the affective-reactivity hypothesis of extraversion. PDF and Abstract
  • Revelle, W., Condon, D. M., & Wilt, J. (2011). Methodological advances in differential psychology. Tomas Chamorro-Premuzic, AFF and von Stumm, S., editors, Handbook of Individual Differences, 39-73. PDF
  • Wilt, J., Condon, D. M., & Revelle, W. (2011). Telemetrics and Online Data Collection. Handbook of developmental research methods, 163. PDF, Google Book
  • Rocklin, T., & Revelle, W. (2011). The measurement of extroversion: A comparison of the Eysenck Personality Inventory and the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire. British Journal of Social Psychology, 20(4), 279-284. PDF and Abstract
  • Wilt, J., Oehlberg, K., & Revelle, W. (2011). Anxiety in personality. Personality and Individual Differences, 50(7), 987-993. PDF and Abstract
  • Revelle, W., Wilt, J., & Condon, D. M. (2010). Individual Differences and Differential Psychology: A brief history and prospect. Handbook of individual differences. PDF
  • Revelle, W., Wilt, J., & Rosenthal, A. (2010). Individual Differences in Cognition: New methods for examining the Personality-Cognition link. Handbook of Individual Differences in Cognition, 27-49. PDF and Abstract
  • Revelle, W., & Zinbarg, R. E. (2009). Coefficients alpha, beta, omega, and the glb: Comments on Sijtsma. Psychometrika, 74(1), 145-154. PDF and Abstract
  • Revelle, W., & Scherer, K. R. (2009). Personality and emotion. Oxford companion to emotion and the affective sciences, 303-305. PDF
  • Evans, A. M., & Revelle, W. (2008). Survey and behavioral measurements of interpersonal trust. Journal of Research in Personality, 42(6), 1585-1593. PDF and Abstract

Notable Publications

  • Zinbarg, R. E., Revelle, W., Yovel, I., & Li, W. (2005). Cronbach’s α, Revelle’s β, and Mcdonald’s ω H: their relations with each other and two alternative conceptualizations of reliability. psychometrika, 70(1), 123-133. PDF
  • Baehr, E. K., Revelle, W., & Eastman, C. I. (2001). Individual differences in the phase and amplitude of the human circadian temperature rhythm: with an emphasis on morningness–eveningness. Journal of Sleep Research, 9(2), 117-127. PDF
  • Revelle, W. (1995). Personality processes. Annual review of psychology, 46(1), 295-328. PDF
  • Revelle, W. (1993). Individual differences in personality and motivation:'Non-cognitive'determinants of cognitive performance. HTML
  • Revelle, W., & Loftus, D. A. (1992). The implications of arousal effects for the study of affect and memory. The handbook of emotion and memory: Research and theory, 113-149. Google Books
  • Revelle, W., & Loftus, D. A. (1990). Individual differences and arousal: Implications for the study of mood and memory. Cognition & Emotion, 4(3), 209-237. PDF
  • Leon, M. R., & Revelle, W. (1985). Effects of anxiety on analogical reasoning: A test of three theoretical models. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 49(5), 1302. PDF
  • Humphreys, M. S., & Revelle, W. (1984). Personality, motivation, and performance: a theory of the relationship between individual differences and information processing. Psychological review, 91(2), 153. PDF
  • Revelle, W., Humphreys, M. S., Simon, L., & Gilliland, K. (1980). The interactive effect of personality, time of day, and caffeine: A test of the arousal model. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 109(1), 1. PDF
  • Revelle, W., & Rocklin, T. (1979). Very simple structure: An alternative procedure for estimating the optimal number of interpretable factors. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 14(4), 403-414. PDF
  • Revelle, W. (1979). Hierarchical cluster analysis and the internal structure of tests. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 14(1), 57-74. PDF

Former Lab Members

Graduate Students

  • Iftah Yovel, 2002

    Anxiety-Related Attentional Biases in the Spatial and Temporal Dimensions

  • Eshkol Rafaeli-Mor, 2001

    Cognitive mediation and affect: Understanding affective synchrony

  • Erin Baehr, 2000

    Circadian Phase-Delaying Effects of Nocturnal Exercise in Older and Young Adults

  • Wendi Born, 1999

    The Effect of Workshop Groups on Achievement Goals and Performance in Biology: An Outcome Evaluation

  • Eshkol Rafaeli, 2000

    Cognitive mediation and affect: Understanding affective synchrony

  • Scott Acton, 1999

    Interpersonal theory and circumplex structure

  • Joanne Langly, 1997

    Parental Loss in Childhood and Vulnerability Toward Expectation of Interpersonal Loss

  • Douglas Billings, 1997

    Individual Differences in Appetitive and Aversive Motivation Moderates Coping Efficacy in the Regulation of Daily Positive and Negative Affect

  • Greg Rogers, 1997

    Dysrhythmia and Dysphoria: A Biopsychosocial Model of Negative Mood States

  • Kathy Nugent, 1996

    Sustained attention deficits and their role in Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder

  • Richard Gershon, 1996

    The Effect of Individual Differences Variables on the Assessment of Ability for Computerized Adaptive Testing

  • Eva Gilboa, 1993

    Duration of Emotions: Cognitive and Self-Report Measures

  • Steve Sutton,1993

    Personality and Appetitive Motivation: Individual Differences as the "Heart Beats to Reward"

  • Peggy Weiler, 1992

    Personality and Individual Differences in Sensitivity to Affectively Valenced Stimuli

  • Deb Loftus, 1991

    Affect and Arousal in the study of Mood and Memory

  • Angela Sabates, 1990

    Test anxiety, feedback, and the speed/accuracy tradeoff

  • Richard Zinbarg, 1989

    Individual Differences In Instrumental Conditioning

  • Mark Puchalski, 1988

    Impulsivity, time of day and retention intervarl: interactive effects on cognitive performance

  • Carolyn Tal, 1988

    Intra- and Interhemispheric Dysfunction in Schizophrenia and the Affective Disorders

  • Joseph Tal, 1987

    Personality Traits and Prediction: Utilizing Latent Trait Theory in an Attempt to Increase the Validity of Traits

  • Marjorie Leon, 1985

    Anxiety and Analogical Reasoning: An Investigation of Error Types

  • James Onken

    Solution time measures of processing strategies and cognitive ability in the solution of geometric analogies

  • Thomas Rocklin, 1981

    The effects of Personality, Absolute Difficulty and Relative Difficulty on Motivation and Performance: A Test of the Dynamic Theory of Achievement Motivation

  • Kristen Anderson, 1981

    Impulsivity, Caffeine, and Performance: A Comparison of Explanations for the Yerkes-Dodson Effect

  • Lisa Simon, 1980

    Individual Differences in Diurnal Rhythms, Attention, and Memory

  • Fred Kravitz, 1980

    Short-Term and Attention Deficits in Chronic, Medicated Schizophrenics

  • Elisha Klirs, 1980

    Individual Differences in Person Perception: Passive Versus Motivated Assimilation

  • Yildiz Ozyurt, 1978

    Effects of Short-Term Deprivation and External Cues on Light and Heavy Smokers

  • Kirby Gilliland, 1976

    The Interactive Effect of Introversion-Extraversion With Caffeine Induced Arousal On Verbal Performance

  • Edward Michaels, 1976

    The cumulative motivational effects of success and failure as a function of task difficulty and achievement motivation

  • Julie Hanback, 1976

    Hypochondriasis: An Investigation of the Role of Heightened Sensitivity and Arousal

  • Robert Prentky, 1975

    Effects of Introversion/Extraversion, Caffeine, and Provocation On Affective Aggressive Behavior

Undergraduate Honors Students

  • Jared Salsibury (2009-2010)
  • Jackie Korpics (2008-2009)
  • Samantha Holland (2007-2008)
  • Anthony Evans (2006-2007)
  • Melissa Liebert (2005-2006)
  • Gregory Laun (2005)
  • Kim Ferriman (2003)
  • Neera Mehta (1998-1999)
  • Rishi Agrawal (1997-1998)
  • John Zelenski (1996)
  • Michael Baumann (1996)
  • Trent Moyer (1995-1996)
  • Karen Gasper (1992)
  • Jennifer Norton (1991)
  • Amy Ulrich (1991)
  • Margaret Bull Kovera (1988)
  • Michael Andrykowski (1978)