iqitems {psych}R Documentation

16 multiple choice IQ items

Description

16 multiple choice ability items taken from the Synthetic Aperture Personality Assessment (SAPA) web based personality assessment project. The data from 1525 subjects are included here as a demonstration set for scoring multiple choice inventories and doing basic item statistics. For more information on the development of an open source measure of cognitive ability, consult the readings available at the personality-project.org.

Usage

data(iqitems)

Format

A data frame with 1525 observations on the following 16 variables. The number following the name is the item number from SAPA.

reason.4

Basic reasoning questions

reason.16

Basic reasoning question

reason.17

Basic reasoning question

reason.19

Basic reasoning question

letter.7

In the following alphanumeric series, what letter comes next?

letter.33

In the following alphanumeric series, what letter comes next?

letter.34

In the following alphanumeric series, what letter comes next

letter.58

In the following alphanumeric series, what letter comes next?

matrix.45

A matrix reasoning task

matrix.46

A matrix reasoning task

matrix.47

A matrix reasoning task

matrix.55

A matrix reasoning task

rotate.3

Spatial Rotation of type 1.2

rotate.4

Spatial Rotation of type 1.2

rotate.6

Spatial Rotation of type 1.1

rotate.8

Spatial Rotation of type 2.3

Details

16 items were sampled from 80 items given as part of the SAPA project (Revelle, Wilt and Rosenthal, 2009; Condon and Revelle, 2012) to develop online measures of ability. These 16 items reflect four lower order factors (verbal reasoning, letter series, matrix reasoning, and spatial rotations. These lower level factors all share a higher level factor ('g').

This data set may be used to demonstrate item response functions, tetrachoric correlations, or irt.fa as well as omega estimates of of reliability and hierarchical structure.

In addition, the data set is a good example of doing item analysis to examine the empirical response probabilities of each item alternative as a function of the underlying latent trait. When doing this, it appears that two of the matrix reasoning problems do not have monotonically increasing trace lines for the probability correct. At moderately high ability (theta = 1) there is a decrease in the probability correct from theta = 0 and theta = 2.

Source

The example data set is taken from the Synthetic Aperture Personality Assessment personality and ability test at http://test.personality-project.org. The data were collected with David Condon from 8/08/12 to 8/31/12.

References

Revelle, William, Wilt, Joshua, and Rosenthal, Allen (2010) Personality and Cognition: The Personality-Cognition Link. In Gruszka, Alexandra and Matthews, Gerald and Szymura, Blazej (Eds.) Handbook of Individual Differences in Cognition: Attention, Memory and Executive Control, Springer.

Condon, David and Revelle, William, (2012) The development of an open source measure of cognitive ability. (in prep, Northwestern University).

Examples

## Not run: 
data(iqitems)
iq.keys <- c(4,4,4, 6,  6,3,4,4,   5,2,2,4,   3,2,6,7)
score.multiple.choice(iq.keys,iqitems)   #this just gives summary statisics
#convert them to true false 
iq.scrub <- scrub(iqitems,isvalue=0)  #first get rid of the zero responses
iq.tf <-  score.multiple.choice(iq.keys,iq.scrub,score=FALSE) #convert to wrong (0) and correct (1) for analysis
describe(iq.tf) 
#now, for some item analysis
iq.irt <- irt.fa(iq.tf)  #do a basic irt
iq.sc <-score.irt(iq.irt,iq.tf)  #find the scores
op <- par(mfrow=c(4,4))
irt.responses(iq.sc[,1], iq.tf)  
op <- par(mfrow=c(1,1))

## End(Not run)

[Package psych version 1.3.2 Index]