reverse.code {psych}R Documentation

Reverse the coding of selected items prior to scale analysis

Description

Some IRT functions require all items to be coded in the same direction. Some data sets have items that need to be reverse coded (e.g., 6 -> 1, 1 -> 6). reverse.code will flip items based upon a keys vector of 1s and -1s. Reversed items are subtracted from the item max + item min. These may be specified or may be calculated.

Usage

reverse.code(keys, items, mini = NULL, maxi = NULL)

Arguments

keys

A vector of 1s and -1s. -1 implies reverse the item

items

A data set of items

mini

if NULL, the empirical minimum for each item. Otherwise, a vector of minima

maxi

f NULL, the empirical maximum for each item. Otherwise, a vector of maxima

Details

Not a very complicated function, but useful in the case that items need to be reversed prior to using IRT functions from the ltm or eRM packages. Most psych functions do not require reversing prior to analysis, but will do so within the function.

Value

The corrected items.

Examples

original <- matrix(sample(6,50,replace=TRUE),10,5)
keys <- c(1,1,-1,-1,1)  #reverse the 3rd and 4th items
new <- reverse.code(keys,original,mini=rep(1,5),maxi=rep(6,5))
original[1:3,]
new[1:3,]

[Package psych version 1.4.5 Index]